Aeronautical Terms beginning with S

Scenario-based training (SBT)

Training method that uses a highly structured script of real world experiences to address aviation training objectives in an operational environment.


Selection-type test items

Test items requiring the student to choose from two or more alternatives provided. True-false, matching, and multiple-choice type questions are examples of selection type test items.


Self-concept

A perception factor that ties together how people feel about themselves with how well they receive experiences.


Sensory register

That portion of the brain which receives input from the five senses. The individual’s preconceived concept of what is important determines how the register prioritizes the information for passing it on to the rest of the brain for action.


Single-Pilot Resource Management (SRM)

The art/science of managing all the resources (both onboard the aircraft and from outside sources) available to a single pilot (prior and during flight) to ensure that the successful outcome of the flight is never in doubt.


Sites

Internet addresses which provide information and often are linked to other similar sites.


Situational awareness

The accurate perception and understanding of all the factors and conditions within the four fundamental risk elements that affect safety before, during, and after the flight.


Skill knowledge

Knowledge reflected in motor or manual skills and in cognitive or mental skills that manifests itself in the doing of something.


Skills and procedures

The procedural, psychomotor, and perceptual skills used to control a specific aircraft or its systems. They are the stick and rudder or airmanship abilities that are gained through conventional training, are perfected, and become almost automatic through experience.


Source

In communication, the sender, speaker, transmitter, or instructor who composes and transmits a message made up of symbols which are meaningful to listeners and readers.


Stem

The part of a multiple choice test item consisting of the question, statement, or problem.


Stress management

The personal analysis of the kinds of stress experienced while flying, the application of appropriate stress assessment tools, and other coping mechanisms.


Supply-type test item

Question in which the student supplies answers as opposed to selecting from choices provided. Essay or fill-in-the blank type questions are examples of supply- type test items.


Symbols

In communication, simple oral and visual codes such as words, gestures, and facial expressions which are formed into sentences, paragraphs, lectures, or chapters to compose and transmit a message that means something to the receiver of the information.


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