A major problem that I have with the FAA knowledge tests is that they often have multiple correct answers (or in the case of questions related to flight planning—no correct answer). Knowing which answer is correct often hinges on deciphering what was in the mind of the person who wrote the question or remembering which word was used in a list of items when the answers are all synonyms. These are some of the questions that I have to just memorize the answers to.
The learning process may include verbal elements, conceptual elements, perceptual elements, emotional elements, and problem-solving elements all taking place at once. p. 2-17
Which factor affecting perceptions is based on the effectiveness of a properly planned training syllabus?
Time and opportunity. A perception factor in which learning something is dependent on the student having the time to sense and relate current experiences in context with previous events. p. G-7
Factors That Affect Perception
• Physical organism
• Goals and values
• Time and opportunity
• Element of threat
Which principle of learning creates a strong impression? You would think it would be intensity, since the definition literally matches the question—the quality of being extreme in degree; excessive. But it is primacy. They claim, without providing any evidence, that Primacy, the state of being first, often creates a strong, almost unshakable impression and underlies the reason an instructor must teach correctly the first time and the student must learn correctly the first time. p. 2-11
Integrated flight instruction is flight instruction during which students are taught to perform flight maneuvers both by outside visual references and by reference to flight instruments. p. 8-10 However, the answer to a question of integrated flight instruction is the student develops the habit of looking for other traffic, which is true but not mentioned in relation to this topic.
In the lecture method, the instructor delivers his knowledge via lectures to students who are more or less silent participants. Lectures are best used when an instructor wishes to convey a general understanding of a subject that students lack. Lectures are used for introduction of new subjects, summarizing ideas, showing relationships between theory and practice, and reemphasizing main points. p. 4-10
One advantage of a lecture is? Excellent when additional research is required. Why Gleim thinks this is the correct answer rather than Allows for maximum attainment of certain types of learning outcomes. is a mystery to me. Exams4Pilots agrees with me that the answer is Uses time economically.
The more effective way for an instructor to properly motivate students: Positive motivation is provided by the promise or achievement of rewards.
Responses that create a pleasurable return are called praise. I have no idea what this even means, but it is apparently the answer.
This question hinges on their definition of prepare.
The best way to prepare a student to perform a task is to:
explain the purpose of the task, provide a clear step-by-step example. In my mind, you prepare someone before you start the task. Providing an example comes after preparing them.
When students are unable to see the benefits or purpose of a lesson, they will be less motivated. No idea why this is correct and not learn as quickly isn’t. I get this wrong every time it comes up.
Drops in motivation appear in several different ways. During these times, it is often helpful to remind students of their own stated goals for seeking aviation training.
Success in reducing stress associated with a crisis on the flight deck begins with assessing stress areas in one’s personal life. This isn’t mentioned anywhere in the book and the other answers make at least as much sense as this one.
I hate most of the acronyms that you need to memorize, this one in particular since it doesn’t show up in the FOI book. It is in AC60-22 Aeronautical Decision Making and FAA-G-8082-22 Remote Pilot Study Guide, and FAA-H-8083-25B Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge.
1. Detect The decision maker detects the fact that change has occurred.
2. Estimate The decision maker estimates the need to counter or react to the change.
3. Choose The decision maker chooses a desirable outcome (in terms of success for the flight).
4. Identify The decision maker identifies actions which could successfully control the change.
5. Do The decision maker takes the necessary action.
6. Evaluate The decision maker evaluate the effect(s) of his action countering the change.
In evaluating student demonstrations of piloting ability, it is important for the flight instructor to keep the student informed of progress. The key word is evaluating. While the student is performing the instructor should remain silent and observe.
There is a question on five responsibilities. All of them are correct but they want:
Helping students learn, providing adequate instruction, demanding adequate standards of performance, emphasizing the positive, and ensuring aviation safety.
Aviation Instructor Responsibilities
Helping Students Learn
Providing Adequate Instruction
Training to Standards of Performance
Emphasizing the Positive
Minimizing Student Frustrations
Keep students informed
Approach students as individuals
Give credit when due
Here’s another one where they use synonyms and you need to memorize the word they use.
The three types of problem-based learning instruction are: Scenario-based training, the collaborative problem-solving method, and the case study method.
An effective scenario should not promote errors.
The e-learning answer is wrong, but memorize it anyway. The whole point of e-learning is that it does not require active involvement of the instructor and can be done on the student’s timeframe and schedule. Whether it results in higher levels of mastery is an open question—but I doubt it.
An advantage of e-learning includes higher levels of mastery and retention.
The instructor need not be actively involved with the student when using a form of e-learning.
Asking students about problems or decisions that test the limits of their knowledge is an effective method to help students acquire knowledge.
The main concern in developing a lesson plan is the student.
A primary consideration in planning for student performance is the length of the practice session. This is one of the questions where none of the answers is correct, but this is what they want.
Instructional aids should be designed to cover the key points in a lesson.
A fact question would be answered based on memory or recall. It is characterized by rote learning but that is not a type of question.
There are only two types of learning transfer: Positive and Negative.
In the communication process, the communicator will be more successful in gaining and retaining the receiver’s attention by
being friendly and informative. using a varied communicative approach.
When students display the defense mechanism called aggression, they
become visibly angry, upset, and childish. may refuse to participate in class activities. This isn’t one of the defense mechanisms, so I have no idea why this is a question, let alone why this is the answer.
Simulated complete loss of engine power by closing the throttle and announcing “simulated engine failure” is Correlation.
The proper sequence for the subparts of an introduction is attention, motivation, and overview.
Which method of presentation is desirable for teaching a skill such as ground school lesson on the flight computer?
Which is one of the major difficulties encountered in the construction of multiple-choice test items?
Keeping all responses approximately equal in length. Inventing distractors which will be attractive to students lacking knowledge or understanding. The book clearly states that “Research of instructor-made tests reveals that, in general, correct alternatives are longer than incorrect ones.” p. B4 so I don’t know why that isn’t the answer.
The educational objective level of the psychomotor domain at which a student’s skill demonstrates new movement patterns and creativity is origination.
When teaching new material, the teaching process can be divided into which steps? Preparation, presentation, application, and review and evaluation.